Facial paralysis can be described as a disease that leads to the loss of facial movement. The condition will affect the capability of facial muscles over time and one may experience gradual drooping of facial muscles in the affected portion. Facial paralysis can occur in one or both sides and the most common reasons include stroke, neck or head tumour, head trauma or infection in the facial nerve. Facial paralysis can last for a short or prolonged duration and there is a multidisciplinary approach for diagnosing and treating facial paralysis in modern medical science. Use of oral steroid along with proper medication may work for a certain level of weakness and inflammation in the facial nerves. Bell’s palsy is considered to be one of the most common reasons for facial paralysis and the doctors may recommend a few tests like electromyography (EMG) or imaging scans for diagnosis. Paralyzed muscles can lead to permanent damage over time and therefore patients with intermediate facial paralysis are advised to continue facial muscle retraining, acupuncture and massage to prevent situations from becoming worse.
Surgery is the last remedy for those who are suffering from a chronic level of facial paralysis and there are different types of surgical procedures that need to be chosen according to the severity of facial paralysis.
At an early stage of facial paralysis, where the onset of paralysis is lesser than two weeks, patients may consult ear surgery specialists so that they can perform electroneuronography testing (ENOG) to confirm whether they are ideal candidates for facial nerve decompression.
In case, the paralysis lasts longer than 2 weeks but lesser than 3 months there are several procedures but if it lasts for more than 3 months, the doctor may recommend for electromyography testing (EMG) and specific therapy to ease the lingering effects of the disease both cosmetically and functionally.
Nerve Transfer surgery is an advanced cosmetic procedure that is performed when working facial muscles and nerve branches can’t be linked with the primary facial nerve.
The static surgical procedure for chronic facial paralysis is performed when the muscles tend to be broken down and there’s no possibility of restoring normal muscle movement. The process can help in better eyelid positioning ensuring improved symmetry of the face.
Similar to the static procedure, the dynamic procedure is initiated when there’s no hope for restoring muscle movement and this process can improve the positioning of facial tissue and helps to restore movements like smiling.
Free tissue transfer aims to improve the facial symmetry by transferring distant nerves and muscles and connecting it with new blood supply to restore muscle movements.
Pre-surgery tips for facial paralysis treatment
One must remember surgery is the last choice available for treating facial paralysis and people needs to be cautious while choosing a clinic for the cosmetic procedure. Take your time and research thoroughly so that you can find a good clinic to avail the treatment from the best cosmetic surgeons. There are many risks when someone opts for a cosmetic procedure and people need to get an idea about it before proceeding. The surgical procedure may involve more than one cosmetic procedure and it may take several days. It will be better to consult a doctor who can help you to get prepared accordingly.
The cosmetic surgeon is likely to recommend physical therapy for quick healing. Patients are advised to take full-rest after the surgery and it may take up to 6-12 months to fully recover. The doctor will provide individual recovery plans to avail long term results and patients must abide by the instruction and get in touch with their doctors to stay updated about post-operative care.
Contours Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery Centre is another name of excellence for plastic and cosmetic procedure and if you are looking for India’s No.1 plastic and cosmetic centre, the search ends here. Contours Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery Centre, Hyderabad offers affordable cosmetic surgery services to the patients and they aim to serve the common people of the country with world class patient care at an affordable price.
The cost of facial paralysis treatment in India may differ on various factors like the clinic, facilities, expertise of the surgeons and it may cost around 65,000-1,20,000 INR depending on the above-mentioned factors.