The craniofacial disorder is a medical term that describes the malformation of the face and the skull. The deformity may be due to birth defects or acquired through any disease and trauma and several patients every year diagnosed for this type of disorder. A cleft lip is a very common form of the craniofacial disorder, and other types of disorders may be small upper jaw, abnormal head size, disproportionate head and fusion of hands and legs.
Children having deformities related to the growth of the face and head often experience multiple problems and it requires the expertise and help from a multidisciplinary team. The latest advancement in craniofacial reconstruction involves early intervention, minimally invasive surgery, single-stage repairs, and continuity. With earlier intervention, the rebuilding work can begin on the face of the child earlier and it is more likely to recuperate with the growth of the child.
Minimally invasive surgery can mean quicker healing, and there will be less risk of any damage to the surrounding tissues, arteries, veins, and nerves. Also, there will be less emotional distress and less pain for the patients and their families. Many craniofacial disorders require more than one surgery, which can be very disruptive for the families and can be costly. Here single-stage surgery can be very helpful that adopts a complex procedure to complete the process I one surgery.
Patients though generally prefer single-stage operation, but since the children are growing, multiple operations may be helpful to correct the craniofacial disorders. The main benefit of treatment for the cleft and craniofacial disorders is that the children gain confidence in the social circles as they grow to adulthood.
Preparation for the surgery
You need to make an appointment at an early stage with a renowned reconstructive surgeon for the treatment of craniofacial abnormalities of your child. The surgeon will explain to you al recommended procedures after checking your child and recommend the next steps. Around two days before the surgery, and staying in the hospital, you should explain to your child about the surgery.
You should be honest in answering the queries of your child and make your child emotionally ready for the surgery. You can visit the facilities of the hospital to understand the capabilities and should ask any question coming into your mind. You also need to discuss all medical conditions of your child, undergo the required medical test of your child, discontinue the medications as recommended by the surgeon and follow all other advice before the surgery.
Children after undergoing reconstructive surgery for craniofacial disorders move to the intensive care unit for a day or two as per the recommendation of the surgeon and remain for four to five days. In the case of adults undergoing such reconstructive surgery following trauma, they can go back home after one or two days of operation. However, the total length of the stay in the hospital may vary according to the severity of the case like the severe burn victims may require to stay for several months.
Short term aftercare includes changes in surgical dressing, medications for pain, breathing exercises and antibiotics for reducing any possibility of infection. Surgeons may recommend semi-liquid or soft diets to patients with jaw or mouth injuries and also restrict swimming and active sports for two months for children after reconstructive surgery. It may require having long-term follow up after six to twelve months of the reconstructive surgery for patients with facial trauma.
Children need to have follow-up visits after surgery until they grow completely and for facial trauma, and in some other cases, surgeons recommend revision surgery also. In the case of craniofacial surgery, a dentist or an oral surgeon should check the patients with a plastic surgeon to check whether the teeth and the jawbone are in proper alignment. Proper protection of repaired tissues is very important to have expeditious healing and to enable good nutrition.
We at Contours Plastic & Aesthetic Surgery Center (www.contourshyd.com) try to help people to undergo excellent plastic surgery for restricting the various forms of problems like craniofacial and cleft problems, burn injuries, etc. We also provide cosmetic surgery and we have excellent infrastructure and the latest technology to render the best service to our clients. With our talented team of doctors who has wide expertise and experience, we always aim to produce the best result.
Craniofacial surgery is a very complicated and sophisticated treatment and it requires a team of super-specialists like a craniofacial surgeon, neuro-anesthetist, neurosurgeon, paediatrist, etc. The cost of the surgery may be to the tune of 2 lakhs or more depending on the type of surgery.
It is an opening or a split in the upper lip and it develops during the development of the facial structure of an unborn baby.
It is an opening into the nose at the roof of the mouth and it is a serious disorder that can result in feeding problems, hearing problems, speech problems, and also frequent ear infections.
Craniofacial abnormalities are birth defects related to head and face or muscular-skeletal disorders.
Normally, children having a cleft lip or cleft palate require several treatments and assessments as long as the child grows up. There will be surgery for the cleft lip and palate treatment followed by speech therapy and dental care.
It is a specialized surgery that deals with acquired or congenital deformities related to the face, skull, head, jaws, and neck and associated structure.
The recovery from foot fusion surgery can take a long time that can range between 6 to 12 months.
There can be a vast improvement after the craniofacial surgery though it may take quite a long time.
The occurrence of craniofacial deformation is in the ratio of 1: 700.
Around 20% of the birth defects can be due to genetic or hereditary factors.