Moles and warts are very different conditions. Moles are benign while warts appear due to a viral infection. Moles are small spots or areas in the skin where the melanocytes produced excess melanin. The skin in that area becomes darkened. Moles start as flat pigmented spots on the skin but may become raised with time. Hair often grows on it too. Warts are undue skin growths caused due to infection by an HPV or Human Papillomavirus at the site. Warts are recognisable by the black spots in them, which is the blood supply to the excess skin. Warts are contagious. Picking at or shaving over a wart and touching another part will spread warts. The infection spreads faster through cuts. People with a weak or compromised immune system are more susceptible. These include children, elders, people on autoimmune disease medications and AIDS patients.
Treatments for moles are microdermabrasion, laser or pulsed light therapy or surgical removal. Microdermabrasion, surgical shaving and laser therapy works best for superficial moles. In microdermabrasion, the dermatologist scours off the pigmented skin an abrasive instrument. Surgical shaving involves scraping off the mole with a scalpel. Laser breaks down the melanin or melanocytes to remove the pigmentation. In surgical excision, the surgeon cuts off the mole and stitches the sides together. Local or mild general anaesthesia is enough in all cases.
Warts do have some home remedies. You can soak the wart in warm water, rub it with a filer and put a salicylic acid formula over it. Glycolic acid and tretinoin are other options. But doing this at home has the risk of infection. So, it is best to visit a doctor for warts removal. Doctors can better ensure that the infection does not spread. Imiquimod cream(Aldara), bleomycin, fluorouracil and interferon injection prevent further infection. But HPV is not curable, so warts may recur in the future. Surgery can be simple excision, curettage, cryosurgery or electrosurgery. Curettage is the same as surgical shaving. Cryosurgery uses liquid nitrogen to freeze the wart and make it fall off. Electrosurgery burns off the wart and the doctor removes it. The doctor performs the procedure under mild anaesthesia, general or local.
Preparation to do before treatment
Stop smoking, alcohol, blood thinners and painkillers a month before any treatment. For laser treatment, keep your skin moisturised. Do not expose the area to sun and use strong sunscreen. For the removal of warts, you can stay on salicylic acid treatment. If you have a herpes sore near the mole, get it treated before getting laser treatment. Talk with your doctor about the HPV infection and adjust any medicines you may need to. Also, ask your doctor to do a biopsy on the removed mole to rule out melanoma.
Your skin takes about 7-10 days for the soreness to disappear after microdermabrasion. Your doctor may give you cool gels or ointments to soothe the area. Laser treated skin usually heals within a week, since the treatment area is small. Use high SPF sunscreen and always cover up laser-treated skin from the sun. If you went for surgery, it will take about 1-2 weeks to heal. The doctor removes the stitches at the end of one week.
Both moles and warts are medical conditions. Doctors must handle their removal and treatment with care. Our expert team of doctors and staff at Contourshyd gives you the correct diagnosis. We only recommend the treatment you need and never over-charge. Our priority is always your satisfaction.
Surgical excision of moles and warts vary depending on their number, size and depth. It can range from ₹10,000 to ₹30,000 on an average. The other surgical procedures cost less. They can start from as low as ₹1000 and rises based on the complexity of the procedure. Laser treatment is costlier. It can cost between ₹20,000 and ₹30,000 or more.
Surgery is the best method for removing any kind of mole or wart. The surgery can either be excision, cryosurgery or electrosurgery. All are safe, painless and easy methods. They also heal quite fast.
It is not safe to remove a mole yourself. Unless you are sure the mole is superficial, do not try any home remedy. If the mole turns out to be deep, you will get an ugly scar. There remains a high risk of infection. The mole could be cancerous and tampering with it may deteriorate the situation.
In general, moles and warts do not look alike. Moles are flat in general, dark and may have a rough surface. Warts can be light or dark and almost always appear as nodules or bumps of various sizes. They also have black spots, which are the blood vessels to the wart.
You can get rid of moles by various procedures. Consult your dermatologist to find out the best way to do so. You can get surgery, laser treatment or microdermabrasion.
Toothpaste cannot remove skin tags. Warts last at least a year and moles will last decades. If you do no have them removed, they will not go away before their time.
There is no scientific evidence to back this. What vinegar can do is remove the layers of skin and remove the skin tag, like salicylic acid. But this takes many applications and does not always work.
Tea tree oil is a harsh natural oil that dries and sloughs skin off. While this can remove some kinds of skin tags, it is not always effective. Moreover, it is toxic on ingestion and can harm your skin if over-applied.
You can tell if your mole is a melanoma. These moles are oddly-shaped, irregular-edged, has more than one colour and keeps growing. Consult a doctor if in doubt.
Duct taping removes layers of skin off a wart each time you peel it off. Often, this is the most effective non-invasive method.
If you touch a wart, no matter whose, wash your hands immediately. Keep your wart clean and dry. It is best to consult a doctor for safety.