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Vitiligo Treatment - Melanocyte Transplantation
Melanocyte transplantation Also known as Non-cultured Melanocyte-Keratinocyte Transplantation Procedure (MKTP) is the latest modification in the surgical management of Vitiligo/Leukoderma. It involves separating skin cells from normal skin and transplanting on white spots as a cell suspension after removal of upper layer of skin superficially. It can be performed in 1 to 3 hours as a day care procedure.
In this treatment large affected lesions can be treated. The cosmetic results achieved are superior to other surgical methods such as skin grafting and punch grafting. Moreover, the difficult to treat areas like bony surface, areola, genitals and knuckles can also be treated with excellent results.
This brings us to the question – What are Melanocytes? Well, Melanocytes are skin cells which produce melanin. A complete absence of skin colour usually means that melanocytes have been destroyed.
Thanks to an innovative treatment it is now possible to take melanocytes from a healthy area of the skin and transfer them as cellular suspension onto the de-pigmented patches. This process can be performed in a clinic anywhere between one and three hours.
Advantages of Melanocyte Transplantation
⚬ It is a day care procedure. Patients can go home immediately if local anaesthesia is used.
⚬ A large area can be treated in one operative session.
⚬ A very small piece of normal skin is sufficient to treat large affected area, e.g. 10 cm2of donor skin is enough to treat 100 cm2 of Vitiligo/Leukoderma patches.
⚬ Yields very good cosmetic results.
⚬ It has very minimal or no side effects.
⚬ Postoperative treatment depends upon the response.
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